Accessorial Charge: Service done by a carrier after the transportation service. EX: Layover, detention, driver assist, fuel.
Air-Ride: Trailer with air bags that give suspension such that the product is floating on air for transportation.
Axle Weight: Amount of weight put onto the highway by one axle.
Back-haul: Inbound load for the carrier headed towards their yard.
Bill of Lading: Written contract between the shipper and the carrier. It identifies the freight, all addresses, and who will be paying for the freight. Need two signatures, from the shipper and the driver.
Bill To: The person paying the freight charges to arrive Logistics. This may be the shipper, consignee, customer or a third-party.
Blind Load: A load in which Arrive’s customer is neither the shipper or consignee. It’s Arrive’s responsibility to make sure that neither shipper nor the consignee know of one another on this order. Two Bill of Ladings are required!!
Block and Brace: Term used for when a load is secured to the floor of the trailer with 2×4 nails. (You cannot block and brace on a reefer due to metal floors.)
Book/Match: When a carrier is assigned to haul a load.
Bounce: When a carrier, who was originally booked on a load, is taken off the load.
Brokerage License: Authority granted by the ICC to persons engaged in the business of arranging for motor vehicle transportation of property in interstate commerce (ex: DM Trans).
Bulk Freight: Unpacked freight such as wheat or coal.
Cab: The driver’s compartment of a tractor.
Cab Over: Tractor in which the majority of the engine in under the cab. Smaller wheel base but less room inside the tractor.
Carrier: Corporation engaged in the business of transporting goods.
Claim: A demand made upon a transportation line for payment on account of loss or damage alleged to have occurred while shipment was in possession of carrier.
Clean Bill of Lading: A bill of lading signed by the carrier for receipt of merchandise in good condition with no damage or shortages.
Commodity: Goods being transported.
Common Carrier: Carrier whose rates are published and available to any shipper. Usually an LTL carrier who then gives discounts to specific carriers based on volume.
ComCheck: A blank check used to advance a driver money on a load (for assessorial related to the load, i.e. lumper fee at a shipper or receiver, escort fee, fuel advance).
Consignee: Facility receiving the load.
Contact Carrier: Carrier who negotiates rates on a load to load basis (majority of carriers).
Cubic Dimensions: Length x Width x Height on the inside of a trailer.
Customer: The person assigning the freight to Arrive even though they may not be responsible for the freight charges.
Deadhead: The distance a driver travels empty to pick up an order (empty miles).
Detention: Used to refer to the extra time a driver waits to be loaded/unloaded. Industry average is 2 hours free upon arrival at FCFS facility, and 2 hours after appointment time at an appointment facility.
Demurrage: Refers to the charges a customer faces when their material is not loaded during free time at the port and is moved into storage.
Dispatch: Main contact for Arrive at the carrier. Responsible for rate negotiation and tracking.
DOT: U.S. Department of Transportation, establishes overall transportation policy.
Drayage: Refers to the local pick-ups/deliveries on an intermodal move.
Dunnage: Refers to the material used when blocking/bracing a load (ex: wood and nails).
Driver Assist: Driver helps during the loading/unloading process.
En Route: On the way with very little out of route miles.
Exclusive Use of Truck: Request by customer for entire use of the truck even if we are transporting a partial load.
Fifth Wheel: Used to connect the tractor and the trailer and shaped like a horse shoe. Can also help redistribute weight between the trailer axles and tractor axle.
Flatbed: A trailer with no sides.
FCFS: First Come First Serve – refers to the warehouse operations when the shipper/cons does not require appointments.
Full Truckload (FTL): Using the entire truck to transport goods based on space or weight capacity.
Gross Weight: When referring to the truck it includes tractor, trailer, and the load. When referring to the product it includes the product and its packaging (80,000 lbs. max).
Headhaul: Outbound load for a carrier.
High Cube: Trailer with above average cubic content. The inside height of the trailer is 110″ high from front to back.
Hopper: Trailer used to discharge freight through the bottom of the trailer. (We do not use this type of transportation.)
Intermodal: Movement that involves more than one mode of transportation. Most often used to refer to truck/rail shipments.
Interstate: Between states.
Intrastate: Movement within a state.
Layover: Refers to when a driver is forced to spend the night at shipper or consignee.
LTL: Less than Truckload.
Liftgate: Power operated tailgate capable of lifting skids from street level to trailer.
Line Haul: The miles of the shipment for which the carrier is being paid.
Live Bounce: Opening a booked load up to our carrier sales force while waiting for the current carrier on the load to get an empty driver assigned to the load.
Loaded Miles: Distance traveled with a loaded trailer.
Log Book: Carried by drivers containing records of hours, routes, and fuel locations.
Logistics: The process of planning, implementing and controlling the efficient cost effective flow and storage of goods, in-process inventory, finished goods and related information from point of origin to point of consumption for the purpose of conforming to customer requirements.
Load Locks: Bars used to secure a load from moving front to back inside the trailer. Used often in reefers because those loads cannot be blocked and braced.
Lumper: Persons not employed by a warehouse that help load/unload trailers. Common in retail warehouses and grocery facilities.
Manifest: A document describing a shipment or the contents of a shipment.
Mode: Principal modes of transportation are: truck, rail, air and water.
Net Weight: When referring to a load just the weight of the material excluding the packing. When referring to a truck the weight of the load on the truck.
Owner Operator: – A driver who owns and operates their own truck.
Pallet: Platform used to transport goods.
Pallet Jack: Hand operated fork lift.
Perishable Freight: Freight subject to decay such as produce or other food items.
Piggyback: Transportation of a highway trailer on a rail flatcar.
Power Unit: Another name for a tractor.
Proof of Delivery (POD): Signed bill of lading by the consignee.
Placard: Used on a hazmat load to identify class of material.
Protective Service: Using a reefer to keep product from freezing.
Reefer: Refrigerated trailer.
Scaling: When the driver must go the weight scales before (light ticket) and after (heavy ticket) getting loaded to find out exactly how much product is in the trailer.
Scaling in Reverse: Driver gets loaded and drivers towards consignee. Before delivering, the driver goes to a scale and gets his heavy ticket, then after delivering, goes to get the light ticket.
Seal: A plastic tie that is fastened to the trailer doors that ensures that the trailer doors cannot be opened unless the seal is broken. Seals are used for both security reasons and to remove the responsibility for missing product from the driver. Every seal has a Seal Number which the shipper will typically write on the BOL after loading.
Skid: Same as a pallet but sturdier.
Sliding Fifth Wheel: Used to redistribute weight if a load is over axle some fifth wheels are fixed.
Sliding Tandems: Helps redistribute weight on the trailer if over axle.
Straight Truck: Tractor and trailer are mounted on the same chassis. Shorter length trucks, generally 24 feet in length, for local delivery in most cases.
Straps: Used to secure freight on a flatbed instead of chains in order to protect the product.
Tailgate: When a driver is asked to take product to the back of a trailer with a pallet jack.
Tarps: Vinyl covers running the length of a flatbed trailer used to protect the load from the elements.
Tariff: A rate published in a schedule by a common carrier.
Terminal/Yard: Warehouse used by a trucking company for trans-loading orders only. Not used for public use.
TONU: Truck Order Not Used – a term used to describe a situation when a truck shows up at the shipper and there is no load there to pick up.
Tractor: Professional term used for a truck.
Trailer: Part of the vehicle used for hauling the goods.
TWIC Card: Government issued ID card that allows entry to all workers or drivers on a port.
Weight Tickets: Used to determine the weight of the load. Often used when selling loads by the pound in the scrap industry.